Health disparities among Black deaf and hard of hearing Americans as compared to Black hearing Americans: A descriptive cross-sectional study | NIH PubMed


There is a dearth of literature on health outcomes for Black people who identify as deaf or hard of hearing (DHH). Black DHH individuals generally experience at least 2 types of oppression, racism and audism, both of which contribute to health disparities within the Black and Deaf communities.To understand the prevalence of health outcomes in a Black DHH adult sample and compare this to a Black hearing sample.A descriptive cross-sectional study with primary Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS)- American Sign Language survey data from Black DHH adults and secondary National Cancer Institute-HINTS English survey data from Black hearing adults.Black DHH adults and Black hearing adults (18 years or older).Using NCI’s health information national trends survey in American Sign Language and English, self-reported data was gathered for all medical conditions as diagnosed by healthcare providers.The study showed that Black DHH adults had a higher likelihood for diabetes, hypertension, lung disease, cancer, and comorbidity compared to their hearing Black counterparts.Black DHH adults are at disparity for certain medical conditions compared to the general Black adult population. Future directions are needed to ensure that anti-racist policies include consideration of people with sensory disabilities. Inclusion of cultural and language needs of Black DHH patients in cultural humility training for healthcare providers is recommended to address health disparity in this population.

Read more: